St John’s Water Canine Breed Traits And Historical past


st johns water dog

The St John’s Water Canine breed was an clever, affectionate, athletic canine that labored eagerly alongside people in Newfoundland. Although the breed is now extinct, they had been as soon as widespread with breeders looking for to create best working and looking canine. They’re the ancestors of the Labrador Retriever and lots of trendy sporting canine breeds share a number of the St John’s most fascinating traits. As we speak we’ll have a look at what the St John’s Water Canine was like, the place it lived, what it was used for and why they sadly disappeared.


The St John’s water canine breed is unfortunately not out there. However, it lives on in trendy retriever breeds, such because the Labrador!

In regards to the Breed

The St John’s water canine goes by plenty of names, together with the lesser Newfoundland and the St John’s canine. These canine originated on the island of Newfoundland, Canada. Right here, their most typical position was working alongside fishermen.

Individuals and St John’s water canine labored alongside one another. The water canine would retrieve nets, tools, fishing traces, and extra from the water to help their people.

St John’s Water Canine Look

Since there aren’t any trendy examples of this breed round, now we have to depend on historic paperwork, work and pictures to study what the St John’s Water Canine appeared like. These canine share a number of traits with trendy retriever breeds, significantly the Labrador Retriever. As an example, they’d dense, double layered coats containing oils that protected them from the acute temperatures when retrieving from the water.

These canine had been medium to massive in dimension. Like most breeds, females had been smaller than males. They often had tuxedo markings. This implies, the vast majority of their coat was black, however they’d white patches on their chest, toes, and typically on their muzzle. Some had longer fur than others, however over time a brief, clean coat was the norm.

st john's water dog

St John’s Water Canine Temperament

Temperament is even perhaps tougher for us to study than look. As a substitute of seeing examples of this breed’s temperament, now we have to depend on sources from individuals who noticed the canine in particular person.

One factor’s for positive, although. We all know that the breed was lively, clever, and succesful, since they carried out their water retrieving roles so properly. Properly sufficient, the truth is, that they caught the attention of British aristocrats, who took canine house to breed from!

To be a profitable working canine in Newfoundland, these canine needed to be pleasant, energetic, and courageous! At instances, they must dive underwater to retrieve issues. So, these canine needed to study precisely what to retrieve and the way to safely achieve this. The connection between St John’s and people was very cooperative, which is a perfect trait in a working canine like this.

When Did the St John’s Water Canine Go Extinct?

This breed’s numbers had been in decline for a very long time earlier than they lastly went extinct. Many sources imagine that the final two examples of the breed died within the Nineteen Eighties. These two canine had been each males, reaching ripe outdated ages of 13 and 15.

There are nonetheless many blended breed canine that exist in Newfoundland that look much like outdated pictures of the St John’s canine. And, the breed’s traits reside on in lots of trendy breeds, together with the Labrador Retriever. Nonetheless, there aren’t any extra purebred examples of the breed.

Why Did the St John’s Water Canine Go Extinct?

There are just a few widespread theories about why this breed sadly turned extinct. It’s possible that every one of those elements contributed to the St John’s Water canine’s total decline and extinction.

Firstly, the nineteenth Century noticed an increase in taxation and heavy restriction on canine possession. This was carried out in an try and encourage sheep elevating. While this was taking place, the UK was imposing a quarantine on all imported animals in an try and eradicate rabies. Each of those elements led to an irreversible decline within the breed’s numbers.

Can I Purchase St John’s Water Canine Puppies?

It’s not doable to purchase real St John’s Water Canine puppies, for the reason that breed has been extinct for the reason that Nineteen Eighties. Nonetheless, lots of the breed’s traits reside on in trendy purebred canine.

These canine had been a key breed in establishing many trendy working canine. As an example, the Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, the Flat-Coated Retriever, and lots of extra, all have hyperlinks to the St John Water Canine.

Many trendy black Labrador mixes really develop as much as have markings similar to the normal water canine markings. They’ll have principally black fur, however may have a white chest, white paws, and probably some white on their face. Sometimes, you would possibly even see this coloring in a purebred, although they wouldn’t qualify for present.

The St John’s Water Canine – A Abstract

St John’s water canine had been athletic, clever canine. And, these are traits that they handed on to many different retriever breeds which might be nonetheless round and out there for buy in the present day.

Does your present pup present traits much like the St John’s water canine? We’d love to listen to your ideas and experiences within the feedback!

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References and Assets

The Labrador Website Founder

Pippa Mattinson is one of the best promoting writer of The Joyful Pet Handbook, the Labrador Handbook, Selecting The Good Pet, and Complete Recall.

She can also be the founding father of the Gundog Belief and the Dogsnet On-line Coaching Program 

Pippa’s on-line coaching programs had been launched in 2019 and you will discover the newest course dates on the Dogsnet web site


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